For the final post in our series of the basic principles of interior design, we’re discussing proportion and scale.
Proportion refers to the comparative size of elements relative to each other in the overall composition. It can be used to create a sense of distance or demonstrate a difference in size. Disproportionate elements can call attention to an area, like an oversized light fixture sitting above a dinner table – with the intention of drawing the eye there.
Scale on the other hand, refers to the relationship between two or more objects – particularly with respect to objects compared to our own human size. Think for example of standardized heights created for countertops, chairs and tables – all scaled to fit our bodies. The width and height of hallways are scaled to allow people to comfortably pass one another.
Within your own space you want to keep these principles in mind.
- Use larger furniture items in larger rooms and smaller furniture pieces in smaller rooms
- Use plates that have the same shape as the table they are being set on
- Leave white space in a room to avoid a cluttered look and feel